TYPOLOGY OF NOTHING: HEIDEGGER, DAOISM AND BUDDHISM by ZHIHUA YAO

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   Subota, 08 Studeni 2014 00:00

The logical positivist Rudolf Carnaponce criticized the Western tradition ofmetaphysics by taking Heidegger‘s theory of nothing as an extreme case of meaningless discourse (Carnap 1931, 233). Similarly, in the eyes of orthodox Confucian and Hindu scholars, both Daoism and Buddhism were seen as passive, negative, and even destructive to intellectual and social norms. In fact, these scholars condemned them as heresies and were determined to eliminate their influence on Chinese and Indian mind s. It is no accident that their opponents developed a negative impression of these traditions. These are three of the very few philosophical strains that have launched themselves into the wonderland of negativity by developing respectively the concepts of nothing (Nichts), nothing (wu 無) and emptiness (śūnyatā).

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